100% pure virgin wool, pile. Hand-hooked to a sturdy cotton backing. Wool rugs are extremely durable. Safavieh rugs are easy to care for. Persian rugs are equally at home in formal or casual settings. Our Samarkand Empress Wool Area Rugs incorporate woven symbols from India, Mongolia, Turkey, and other countries rich in the art of hand-knotted wool. At the heart of the Silk Road, the city of Samarkand in Uzbekistan has been a melting pot of European and Middle Eastern cultures since the 4th century BC, and this rug reflects this enduring history. This Safavieh rug is a stunning example of this timeless craft, sure to bring heirloom quality into your home.. . . . . Depending on the size, slight variations in the border design may occur in these unique and individually crafted area rugs. Learn more about the origins of Persian rugs.