Frontier Natural Products - Turmeric Root Powdered Organic Fair Trade Certified - 1 lb. (453 g) Frontier Natural Products Powdered Turmeric Root contains non-irradiated turmeric root that is freshness dated. Frontier Powdered Turmeric Root is fair trade certified. To ensure fresh flavor that's always pure and natural, Frontier's spices are quality tested and freshness dated. Turmeric is native to Southeast Asia, but is cultivated extensively in India and Indonesia. Alleppey, a region and city in extreme southwestern India, produces two grades of turmeric sold on the US market. Fingers are appendages separated from the main rhizome and broken into 1-3 inch lengths. Fingers have a higher curcumin content (therefore, better color), more flavor (because of their volatile oil content), and are the best quality turmeric for grinding. The splits and bulbs grade are pieces derived from the main root. They are less expensive, but tend to be lower in overall quality (flavor, volatile oil, color), more fibrous and difficult to grind. Turmeric's warm aroma, bright color, and gingery/peppery taste are relied upon in cooking throughout Asia. It's best known as the spice that gives curry powder its distinctive color. Botanical name: Curcuma longa L. Also known as Indian saffron and yellow root, this bright yellow powder is the dried and ground rhizome of the Curcuma longa root, which is a member of the ginger (Zingiberacea) family. Turmeric is a tropical plant with yellow flowers and leaves that are dark green above and light green below. The rhizomes have a brownish-yellow, somewhat scaly outer skin and a bright orange-yellow flesh, which smells spicy when bruised. The health benefits of turmeric-- which has a long tradition of use in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine -- remains a hot topic among natural health advocates. Indispensable in curry powders and East Indian cooking, turmeric is also used in prepared mustards and pickles, dressings, eggs and rice dishes.